"Article 131 If a plaintiff applies for withdrawal1
of the case before the judgment2
is pronounced, the people's court shall decide whether to approve or disapprove3
"If withdrawal of the case is not allowed by an order of the people's court, and the plaintiff, having been served with a summons, refuses to appear in court without justified4
reasons, the people's court may make a judgment by default."
"Article 132 Under any of the following circumstances, the trial may be adjourned5
(1) the parties concerned and other participants in the proceedings6
required to appear in court fail to do so for justified reasons;
(2) any party concerned makes an extempore application for the withdrawal of a judicial7
"Article 133 The court clerk shall make a written record of the entire court proceedings, which shall be signed by him and the judicial officers."
"The court record shall be read out in court, or else the parties and other participants in the proceedings may be notified to read the record while in court or within five days. "
"If they consider that there are omissions13
or errors in the record of their own statements, the parties or other participants in the proceedings shall have the right to apply for rectifications."
" If such rectifications are not made, the application shall be placed on record in the case file."
The court record shall be signed or sealed by the parties and other participants in the proceedings. Refusal to do so shall be put on record in the case file.
"Article 134 The people's court shall publicly pronounce its judgment in all cases, whether publicly tried or not."
"If a judgment is pronounced in court, the written judgment shall be issued and delivered within ten days; if a judgment is pronounced later on a fixed14
date, the written judgment shall be issued and given immediately after the pronouncement."
"Upon pronouncement of a judgment, the parties concerned must be informed of their right to file an appeal, the time limit for appeal and the court to which they may appeal."
"Upon pronouncement of a divorce judgment, the parties concerned must be informed not to remarry before the judgment takes legal effect."
"Article 135 A people's court trying a case in which the ordinary procedure is followed, shall conclude the case within six months after docketing the case. "
"Where an extension of the period is necessary under special circumstances, a six-month extension may be allowed subject to the approval of the president of the court. Further extension, if needed, shall be reported to the people's court at a higher level for approval."